The types of hydroponics systems are; Water culture, Wick, Ebb and flow, Dripper, Aeroponic and Nutrient film technique.
The DIY homemade hydroponics systems must offer the following for optimal growth.Light, Air, Water, Nutrients, Heat, Room for the roots to spread
The Wick system is the simplest type of hydroponic system. It is a passive system as there are no moving parts. a Wick is used to draw the nutrient solution from a reservoir into the growing medium This system can use a variety of growing medium. Perlite, Vermiculite, Pro-Mix and Coconut Fiber are among the most popular.
The draw back of the wick hydroponics system is that larger plants use large amounts of water. This causes the nutrient solution to be used faster than the wicks can supply it.
Water culture system
This is the simplest and most economical of all active hydroponic systems. Small to medium sized plants will grow best in a deep water culture. It is ideal for growing lightweight, leafy vegetables like lettuce, herbs and small peppers. You can use a bin or fish tank as a reservoir. The water culture needs to supply the roots of the plants with enough oxygen, to act as suitable growing medium. Your plants needs the appropriate amount of access to water and nutrients.
Styrofoam is needed to hold your plants. a One inch thick piece will be adequate. Poke holes through it to place your net pots into. The Styrofoam with pots will be placed at the top of the reservoir, floating in the water. You the have to mix the appropriate amounts of nutrients into the water. These nutrients contain nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium and other elements and minerals. You can purchase premixed solutions. These nutrients contain all of the needed properties similar to soil which allows for your plants to successfully grow. hydroponics wholesaler
To accurately measure the pH levels in your plants you will need a pH test kit. This is very important in hydroponic gardening. Monitoring of these plants are needed as the pH of a nutrient solution reads the outcome of an electrical encounter that happens between the plants roots and everything that surrounds them. An air pump is also a important part of a hydroponic system. It supplies air to the air stone. The air stone (or bubbler) which will be placed at the bottom of your reservoir will bubble and supply oxygen to the roots of the plants.
Last but most important is water. Water will keep the plants alive. The plants will be strong and sturdy. Most of these items can be found around the house and online.
The draw back of this system is that it doesn’t work well with large plants or with long-term plants.
Ebb & Flow ( Flood and Drain )
With the Ebb and Flow the grow trays are temporarily flooded with nutrient solution and then draining the solution back into the reservoir. A submergible pump that works on a timer will flood and drain the trays This action is normally done with a submerged pump that is connected to a timer.
The timer switches the pump on and nutrient solution is pumped into the grow trays. After a few minutes the timer switch the pump off and the draining starts, and the nutrients flow back into the reservoir. This cycle repeats several times a day, and depends on the size and type of plants, temperature and humidity and the type of growing medium used.
The Ebb & Flow is a system that can be used with a range of growing mediums. The entire grow tray can be filled with Grow Rocks, gravel or granular Rockwool.